There are many lessons to be learnt from traditional heritage buildings on global level. Such lessons will help us to appreciate our global heritage and at the same time to transfer some of the knowledge in design and materials to our future buildings and urban developments. Over centuries, people have managed to design buildings to be sustainable in terms of heating and cooling requirements using clever design and sustainable materials utilised from the local environment. For example, in the Gulf, places such as Kuwait can experience temperatures of up to 52℃. Heritage buildings in the Gulf region were designed to maximise shading, reduce thermal gain of the sun radiation, regulate building temperature and enhance air circulation. The design features and materials of old buildings provide important lessons for future sustainable development. This project will focus on modelling and monitoring traditional buildings in hot regions to evaluate their thermal performance and temperature fluctuation; and understand how their material’s selection support this. The work will consist of developing 3D historical Information models (HIM). This is based on a three stages semi-automatic approach leading to the generation of a data rich historical information model to support a sustainable energy monitoring and materials design. Materials research and characterisation will be conducted and results assessed to evaluate energy performance and Life Cycle Analysis (LCA).
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