Israel is located along one of the biggest bird migration routes. Alongside a rich variety of local species, it has a very rich avifauna record. Global climate change, food availability, predator-prey relationships and anthropogenic alterations are changing species migration routes and behavior. The proposed multidisciplinary research will focus on bird species distribution from archaeological Pleistocene sites based on their paleoecological background, following both aspects within a changing environment. Preference for a background in natural sciences and archaeology. The candidate will receive a scholarship for the entire period of her/his PhD. study. The project will be carried out in collaboration with researchers Israel and other countries. Research commences November 2021. To apply, please send your CV and grades by September 26th to Rivka Rabinovich: rivkar(at)mail.huji.ac.il.